On 2 February 2021, the first-year students of the XXXVI cycle presented their research projects to the Board of teachers, who assigned them tutors and cotutors. Starting in February, they took part in the cycle of lectures, which for the first year were mainly methodological in nature, aimed at making the new PhD students reflect on the main tools of art-historical research. Due to the health emergency, the lessons were organised in telematic mode, on the Google Meet platform, and were held regularly. The course of methodological lessons was accompanied by the participation in some seminars or conferences organised by the Doctorate and the School of Specialisation in Historical-Artistic Heritage. In addition, doctoral students, on the basis of their scientific interests, took part in conferences, seminars, meetings and book presentations, in Italy and abroad, as can be seen from the reporting forms of their annual activities. With regard to research, the work of the XXXVI cycle doctoral students has mainly focused on defining the "status quaestionis" of the thesis topic as well as on the subsequent critical processing of the data collected and direct reconnaissance of works and monuments or in archives, museums, libraries, institutions and specialised centres relating to the research topic. To this end, several doctoral students carried out research periods at important Italian and foreign institutions or participated in in-depth courses, when the health situation allowed it: Chiara Audizi (Matera Diocesan Archives and SABAP Matera Archives), Gianlorenzo Chiaraluce (Barcelona, Museum of Contemporary Art), Livia De Pinto (Florence, Giuseppe and Victoria Chiari Archives), Davide Lipari (Bologna State Archives), Loreno Mercuri (Barcelona, Archivo de la Corona; Lleida, Biblioteca Nacional; Zaragoza, Biblioteca Publica; Paris, BNF), Eva Scurto (Florence, State Archives and Archives of the Archiepiscopal Seminary). Moreover, some PhD students have participated as speakers in international conferences, study days and workshops: Sara Esposito and Ettore Giovanati (Third International Conference of PhD students, "Behind the Image / Beyond the Image", 22-24/09/2021, Venice, Ca' Foscari), Federica Zalabra (Ro.Me Museum Exhibition, 17-19/11/2021; British Council Seminar, 15/03/2021; Restoration Exhibition of Bari, 02/09/2021). Claudio Sagliocco was curator for the external works of the exhibition Dis/Integration, exhibition of artists with disabilities organised by Comunità di Sant'Egidio and Sapienza University of Rome, held at the Rectorate of the university from 25/11/2021. Sagliocco and Ettore Giovanati were the winners of the university's Avvio alla ricerca 2021 competition. Alessandra Ferlito was appointed to the course in Restoration of paintings on canvas at the Central Institute for Restoration in Rome. The year also saw the definitive start of co-tutorships with the Universidad Complutense of Madrid for Nicolò Mazzucato, with the University of Zurich for Giulia Beatrice and with the Gregorian University for Giulia Licitra. The passage of the year, held on 22 October 2021, was dedicated to the presentation to the Board of teachers of the research work carried out. During the passage of the year, the doctoral students defined the general structure of the thesis, critically illustrated the "status quaestionis" on the subject of study and showed the results of the first surveys of monuments, works and documentary materials. All doctoral candidates were admitted to the 2nd year of the course. Finally, it should be noted that all the doctoral students of the XXXVI cycle have benefited from the ministerial extensions provided by the relevant DPCM.
In the months from December 2020 to July 2021, the PhD students in the XXXV cycle took part in a series of lectures given by scholars and specialists in the field, which, for the 2nd year, was dedicated above all to the relationship between scientific research and the world of work in the field of art history, in particular the organisation of exhibitions and the management/curation of museums and exhibition centres. Due to the health emergency, the lectures were organised telematically, on the Google Meet platform, and were held regularly. The lectures were accompanied by the participation in some seminars and conferences organised by the Doctorate and the School of Specialisation in Historical and Artistic Heritage. In addition, doctoral students, on the basis of their scientific interests, took part in conferences, seminars, meetings and presentations of books, in Italy and abroad, as can be seen from their annual activity report forms. On the research side, the students on the doctoral course were engaged during the second year in continuing their study and reconnaissance activities as well as an initial critical reading and interpretation of the data acquired.
Some students of the doctoral course have distinguished themselves by obtaining prestigious awards, scholarships and grants: Ioanna Arvanitidou (State Scholarships Foundation of Greece grant), Federica De Giambattista (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst grant), Daphne De Luca (research grant in SSD ICAR/17 at the University of Urbino), Jessica Planamente (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst grant), Yasmin Riyahi (Avvio alla ricerca University grant), Sabina Rosenbergova (Bibliotheca Hertziana scientific guest, Rome). Moreover, some PhD students participated as speakers in important international conferences: Ioanna Arvanitidou (International Symposium "Niš and Byzantium XX", Niš, 3-5/06/21), Antonietta Biondi (Alejandro Marmo and the museum of the University of Teramo: A new sculpture and a new web space (15 December 2021), Federica De Giambattista ("Gli Ebrei a Roma nell'età di Raffaello", online, 09/12/20; "La fotografia e i suoi usi nel mercato artistico (1880-1939) Protagonisti, narrazioni, raccolte", Florence, 15/10/21), Daphne De Luca ("Opvs Karoli Crivelli 2021. Le opere e la materia. New readings on Carlo Crivelli", Camerino, 22-23/10/21), Virginia Lauria (18th International Conference EASR, Feminine, Erasmism and resilience, Pisa, 03/09/2021), Edoardo Maggi (18th Annual Graduate Student Symposium in Nineteenth-Century Art, online, 25-26/09/2021), Jessica Planamente ("The Abbey of Chiaravalle di Fiastra in the context of Cistercian monasticism", Chiaravalle di Fiastra, 24-26/09/21; III Scientific Meeting of the Società Tarquiniense d'Arte e Storia, Stato della Chiesa e Patrimonio di San Pietro in Tuscia, Tarquinia, 16-17/10/21), Yasmin Riyahi (Third International Conference of PhD students, "Behind the Image / Beyond the Image", 22-24/09/2021, Venezia-Ca' Foscari). Finally, many PhD students have continued to intensify their relations with Italian and international institutions and research centres, carrying out research periods there: Letizia Barozzi (Archivio di Stato, Fermo; Archivio diocesano, Tolentino); Antonietta Biondi (Fondazione De Marchis, L'Aquila; Archivio Galleria Nazionale di Palazzo Pitti, Florence); Federica di Giambattista (Bode Museum, Berlin); Mitra Hematpoor (Sales Publishing House, Tehran), Edoardo Maggi (Braidense Library, Milan), Arianna Papale (University of Barcelona), Jessica Planamente (Kunstgeschichtlichen Institut of the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität, Freiburg), Yasmin Riyahi (MART Archive, Rovereto; Archivio Contemporaneo Bonsanti, Florence), Patrizia Principi, Ilaria Sanetti and Giuseppe Valentini Malavolti (Zeri Foundation, Bologna). In some cases the doctoral students attended training courses, such as, for example, the Conques Summer School, organised by the Masarykova Univerzita in Brno from 15 to 19 June 2021 (Sabina Rosenbergova). The cotutela practice of Daphne De Luca (École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris), Giulia Licitra (Università Gregoriana, Vatican City), Beatrice Marciani (Sorbonne, Paris), Sabina Rosenbergova (Masarykova Univerzita, Brno) were also perfected. During the Passage of the Year, which took place on 22 October 2021, the doctoral candidates then presented their progress to the College and all were admitted, without reservation, to the 3rd year of the course. Finally, it should be noted that all the PhD students of the XXXV cycle have benefited from the ministerial extensions provided by the relevant Prime Ministerial Decree.
In the months from December 2020 to July 2021, the PhD students of the XXXIV cycle took part in the cycle of in-depth lectures, which for the 3rd year are held by Italian and international scholars and consist of the presentation of "case studies" that are particularly significant from a critical point of view. Participation has been constant and intense, with an effective and fruitful exchange between doctoral students and lecturers. Due to the health emergency, the lectures were organised telematically, on the Google Meet platform, and were held regularly. The lectures were accompanied by the participation in some seminars and conferences organised by the Doctorate and the School of Specialisation in Historical and Artistic Heritage. In addition, doctoral students, on the basis of their scientific interests, took part in conferences, seminars, meetings and book presentations, in Italy and abroad, as can be seen from the reporting forms of their annual activities. In collaboration with their colleagues from the previous cycle, the 34th doctoral students worked on the organisation of the "In Corso d'Opera 4" study days, which took place on 24-25 June 2021. With regard to study activities, several doctoral students continued to intensify their relations with Italian and international institutions and research centres by carrying out study periods there: Irene Boyer (ASAC, Venice Biennale; RAI TECHE, Pavia), Giacomo D'Andrea (Université de Tours), Camilla Federica Ferrario (Festival Fotografia Europea 2021), Elisa Genovesi (Archivio Storico Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera, Milan), Helia Hamedani (Archivio Madreseh Sanaye Mostazrafeh, Teheran), Daniele Lauri (Archivio di Stato, Florence), Lunarita Sterpetti (Kunsthistorisches Institut, Florence), Beatrice Tomei (École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris). Many doctoral students have taken part as speakers in national and international conferences: Irene Caracciolo (21st Annual Postgraduate Colloquium of the Center for Byzantine, Ottoman and Modern Greek Studies, Birmingham, 30/05/21; Leeds International Medieval Congress 2021, Leeds, 07/07/21), Claudio Castelletti (Le Marche and the Adriatic in the fifteenth century. Art and architecture between Gothic heritage and Renaissance of the ancient, online, 28-29/04/21), Giacomo D'Andrea (The Abbey of Chiaravalle di Fiastra in the context of Cistercian monasticism, Chiaravalle di Fiastra, 24-26/09/21; III Scientific Meeting of the Society Tarquiniense Art and History, State of the Church and Heritage of St. Peter in Tuscia, Tarquinia, 16-17/10/21), Elisa Genovesi (San Lorenzo from the eighties to today: il quartiere dell'arte, Rome, 24/02/21; Elles font l'abstraction / Women in Abstraction, Paris, 21/05/21). In particular, some of the PhD students have also been responsible for the scientific organisation of international conferences: Claudio Castelletti (Le Marche e l'Adriatico nel Quattrocento. Arte e architettura tra eredità gotica e Rinascimento dell'antico, online, 28-29/04/21; Le Parole dell'Ornamento. Per un lexico della decorazione artistica, Rome, 26/11/21), Gianluca Petrone (Le arti e gli artisti nella rete della diplomazia pontificia da Pio II a Pio XI, Vatican City, 15-16/10/21). All the PhD students of the XXXIV cycle took part as speakers in the doctoral conference "In corso d'opera 4" (24-25/06/21), which also saw a large participation of scholars from outside Sapienza. Finally, a number of PhD students received important recognition, awards and funding: Giacomo D'Andrea (mobility scholarship, Université de Tours), Camilla Federica Ferrario (University funding, Avvio alla ricerca), Elisa Genovesi (Giovanni Carandente 2020 publication prize; University funding, Avvio alla ricerca), Lunarita Sterpetti (NIKI Fellowship; doctoral mobility scholarship, Sapienza University of Rome; scientific collaboration contract, Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz), Beatrice Tomei (Vinci Prize 2020). On the research side, meetings with the tutor and members of the Collegio have facilitated the completion of research, although the health emergency, with the consequent closure of libraries, archives and foundations, has unfortunately led to delays in the final drafting of the thesis. All the doctoral students of the XXXIV cycle have applied for the two-month extension provided by the DPCM of May 2020 and the subsequent three months provided by the MUR (with the exception of Gianluca Petrone, who discussed his thesis on 14/02/21). In the meeting of the Board of teachers of 20/11/2020, the external referees for the evaluation of the papers were approved. Consequently, the final discussions of the XXXIV cycle will take place in May and September 2022.