SILVIA IACURTO

PhD Graduate

PhD program:: XXXIII



Thesis title: Karst-carbonate aquifer characterization by using innovative hydrogeological and geochemical methods

Water resources management is one of the most important challenges worldwide, because water represents a vital resource for sustaining life and environment. The continuous urbanization, and the improvement of the life quality, in many parts of the world, have led to an increasing demand for drinkable water. Water, even if it is, generally speaking, a renewable resource, is not available in the same amount anywhere and in anytime. The increasing demand for water, together with its variability, therefore leads to the "water crisis". The study and analysis of aquifers, and more specifically the study of innovative techniques and methods for the characterization of karst-carbonate aquifers, is a topic of great national and international interest. In this regard, the main objective of the European Union, with regard to water management, is to guarantee everyone access to good quality water, in sufficient quantity. Water resources of the karst aquifers contribute in some countries up to 50% to the supply of drinking water. Specifically, in Italy, karst carbonate aquifers of the central Apennines represent the largest groundwater reservoir. These aquifers are very complex systems, as each one has its own distinctive characteristics. They generally have great permeability, high speeds and large flows of water flows; these properties mean that such systems are very vulnerable and therefore need a careful and continuous qualitative and quantitative analysis. The peculiarities of karst aquifers make them strategic resources which, however, are not yet right exploitable, because of objective difficulties, that are found in their study. In this thesis, Capodacqua di Spigno Spring, one of the main groundwater outlet in the Southeast Latium Region, has been the test-site for the application of some innovative methods in karst aquifers investigation. The hydrogeological basin of this spring involves the competence territory of Spigno Saturnia, Formia and Esperia municipalities, in the province of Latina. Particularly, the present study focused on the Capodacqua di Spigno aquifer characterization by using two different approaches. The first topic dealt in this thesis concerns the evaluation of minimum karst spring discharge using two simple rainfall-input models. The second introduce a “Isotope Driven Model”, based on the relationship between δ18O and δ2H isotopes and the altitude infiltration, which lead to identify the involved recharge areas depending on different spring discharge values.

Research products

11573/1474606 - 2021 - Magnesium as Environmental Tracer for Karst Spring Baseflow/Overflow Assessment—A Case Study of the Pertuso Karst Spring (Latium Region, Italy)
Filippi, Francesco Maria De; Iacurto, Silvia; Grelle, Gerardo; Sappa, Giuseppe - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: WATER (Basel : Molecular Diversity Preservation International) pp. - - issn: 2073-4441 - wos: WOS:000606427500001 (7) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85099504226 (10)

11573/1474627 - 2021 - Topographic effects observed at Amatrice hill during the 2016–2017 Central Italy seismic sequence
Grelle, Gerardo; Bonito, Laura; Rosalba, Maresca; Iacurto, Silvia; Madiai, Claudia; Revellino, Paola; Sappa, Giuseppe - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING VIBRATION (Science Press, Beijing)) pp. 63-78 - issn: 1671-3664 - wos: WOS:000607301800004 (5) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85099099738 (6)

11573/1636339 - 2021 - Karst recharge areas identified by combined application of isotopes and hydrogeological budget
Iacurto, S.; Grelle, G.; De Filippi, F. M.; Sappa, G. - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: WATER (Basel : Molecular Diversity Preservation International) pp. - - issn: 2073-4441 - wos: WOS:000676941600001 (8) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85111387079 (11)

11573/1444480 - 2020 - Hydraulic conductivity estimation using low-flow purging data elaboration in contaminated sites
De Filippi, F. M.; Iacurto, S.; Ferranti, F.; Sappa, G. - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: WATER (Basel : Molecular Diversity Preservation International) pp. - - issn: 2073-4441 - wos: WOS:000529249500283 (5) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85082717013 (7)

11573/1444478 - 2020 - Karst spring recharge areas and discharge relationship by oxygen-18 and deuterium isotopes analyses. A case study in southern latium region, Italy
Iacurto, S.; Grelle, G.; De Filippi, F. M.; Sappa, G. - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: APPLIED SCIENCES (Basel: MDPI AG, 2011-) pp. - - issn: 2076-3417 - wos: WOS:000525298100330 (13) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85081988367 (15)

11573/1492224 - 2020 - SPI and recession curves analysis for karst spring management. A case study in central Italy
Sappa, Giuseppe; De Filippi, Francesco Maria; Grelle, Gerardo; Iacurto, Silvia - 04b Atto di convegno in volume
conference: 20th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2020, 8-11 December, 2020 (Vienna)
book: 20th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2020 - (9786197603170)

11573/1337315 - 2019 - Environmental issues and anthropic pressures in coastal aquifers. A case study in Southern Latium Region // Aspetti ambientali e pressioni antropiche negli acquiferi costieri: un caso di studio nel Lazio meridionale
Iacurto, Silvia; Ferranti, Flavia; De Filippi, Francesco Maria; Sappa, Giuseppe - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: ACQUE SOTTERRANEE (Frazione Le Mose Piacenza: Associazione Acque sotterranee Milano : A.N.I.P.A.) pp. 47-51 - issn: 2280-6458 - wos: WOS:000462365000007 (5) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85097799643 (7)

11573/1338662 - 2019 - Recent drought effects on bracciano lake water availability
Sappa, G.; Ferranti, F.; De Filippi, F. M.; Iacurto, S. - 04b Atto di convegno in volume
conference: 19th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference, SGEM 2019 (bgr)
book: International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM - (9786197408812)

11573/1337311 - 2019 - Evaluation of minimum karst spring discharge using a simple rainfall-input model: The case study of Capodacqua di Spigno Spring (Central Italy)
Sappa, Giuseppe; De Filippi, Francesco M.; Iacurto, Silvia; Grelle, Gerardo - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: WATER (Basel : Molecular Diversity Preservation International) pp. 807- - issn: 2073-4441 - wos: WOS:000473105700177 (14) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85065018871 (18)

11573/1338699 - 2019 - A Method to Contrast the Impact of Extreme Precipitation. A case study from Central Italy
Sappa, Giuseppe; Ferranti, Flavia; Iacurto, Silvia; De Filippi, Francesco Maria - 04c Atto di convegno in rivista
paper: IOP CONFERENCE SERIES: MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING (IOP electronic journals) pp. 102052- - issn: 1757-8981 - wos: WOS:000465811805067 (1) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85062408446 (1)
conference: 3rd World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering, Architecture, Urban Planning Symposium, WMCAUS 2018 (Praga)

11573/1337302 - 2019 - Groundwater quality assessment in a karst coastal region of the West Aurunci Mountains (Central Italy)
Sappa, Giuseppe; Iacurto, Silvia; Ferranti, Flavia; De Filippi, Francesco M. - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: GEOFLUIDS (Oxford : Blackwell Science, 2001-) pp. 1-14 - issn: 1468-8115 - wos: WOS:000463478500001 (7) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85065025155 (9)

11573/1303415 - 2019 - The LCA methodology for ceramic tiles production by addition of MSWI BA
Sappa, Giuseppe; Iacurto, Silvia; Ponzi, Adelaide; Tatti, Fabio; Torretta, Vincenzo; Viotti, Paolo - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: RESOURCES () pp. - - issn: 2079-9276 - wos: WOS:000475302900036 (6) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85067445585 (8)

11573/1337341 - 2019 - Reuse of mswi ba in the ceramic tiles production: An experimental industrial activity in latium region (central Italy)
Sappa, Giuseppe; Iacurto, Silvia; Viotti, Paolo; Tatti, Fabio - 04b Atto di convegno in volume
conference: 19th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference, SGEM 2019 (Albena, Bulgaria)
book: 19th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference, SGEM 2019: Nano, Bio, Green and Space Technologies for a Sustainable Future - (9786197408898)

11573/1337326 - 2018 - Effects of climate change on groundwater feeding the Mazzoccolo and Capodacqua di Spigno Springs (Central Italy): First quantitative assestments
Sappa, G.; Ferranti, F.; Iacurto, S.; De Filippi, F. M. - 04b Atto di convegno in volume
conference: 18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference, SGEM 2018 (Albena, Bulgaria)
book: International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM - (9786197408423)

11573/1142983 - 2018 - Estimation of conversion factor weight-volume of inert waste with high humidity for the calculation of volumes put at landfll
Sappa, Giuseppe; Trotta, Antonio; Iacurto, Silvia - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: GEAM. GEOINGEGNERIA AMBIENTALE E MINERARIA (Torino : Associazione mineraria subalpina.) pp. 25-31 - issn: 1121-9041 - wos: (0) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85048801901 (0)

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