Titolo della tesi: Re- Designing the historical Urban Texture of Tehran The Three Kingdoms (Qajar – First and Second Pahlavi) Analyzed by Digital Architecture (Parametric Computing Modelling
During the second half of Nineteen century, in correspondence with the Industrial Revolution, the diffusion of the use of the automobile, the construction of new infrastructures and the implementation of new hygienic requirements, the construction of new neighborhoods was bases on new models of city form models based on the use of modern planning methods. Also, the rehabilitation of important historical centers to the new infrastructural needs (highway, railway networks) required partial or important demolitions and the hyper dense historical urban texture. Therefore, the urban space reconstruction was managed by the use of boulevard and spatial characters much far from the traditional one. The complexity and uncertainty of urban environments generated by historical urban texture are difficult to be “planned” and controlled by traditional design parameters. Therefore, a possible challenge to be verified is the use of the method of the parametricism, to easily control, manage and change the environment information, generating new data. Because of this system dynamically updated, the design is updated with each change of input by the designer. The aim of this study is to identify features and benefits of using parametricism and computing
for redesign, “repair”, rebuild existing, former and newly designed urban fabric after destroying and recovering the ancient special identity of a city. Unfortunately, in the city of Tehran, the capital of Iran, the historical face of
the city was destroyed to leave space to new developments and the area occupied by sthe most precious monuments were converted to shopping mall and high rise buildings. In this thesis we will first discuss about the historical urban texture of Tehran, its urban patterns selected through different ancient decades. Finally, an analysis will be conducted by inputting these patterns as design parameters in grasshopper plugin – that is the most widespread plugin for parametric design – we will produce modelling set of solution to design, restore and complete the contemporary urban fabric of Tehran.