## BENEDETTA IELE

Dottoressa di ricerca**ciclo**: XXXV

**supervisore**: Giovanni Cannata

**Titolo della tesi:**Turbulence models under breaking waves: a new two-equation model based on turbulent kinetic energy and specific dissipation rate

In this thesis, a new model for the simulation of the breaking waves is proposed. This model is based on the solution of the three-dimensional equations of motion expressed in contravariant formulation. These equations are in integral form and are expressed in terms of the conserved variables H and Hu (H is the total water depth and u is fluid velocity vector).
The three-dimensional ensemble-averaged motion equations are solved by a new high-order shock-capturing numerical schemes. The elements of novelty in this new numerical scheme are two. The first element of novelty consists in the proposal of a new reconstruction technique of the point values of the conserved variables on the cell faces of the computational grid (starting from the cell-averaged values of the same variables). This reconstruction technique is named WTENO and it is specifically designed for the three-dimensional simulation of breaking waves. The second element of novelty consists in the use of an exact solution for the Riemann problem to advancing in time the point values of the conserved variables at the cell faces.
In this thesis, two turbulence models, belong to the context of the URANS models, k-l and k-omega (k is the turbulent kinetic energy, l is the mixing length and omega is the specific dissipation rate), are proposed.
In the new k-l turbulence model, the k-equation is expressed in a new integral contravariant form on a generalized time-dependent curvilinear coordinate system. In this model, the equations of motion are solved also in the buffer layer, while the k-equation is solved starting from the border between the buffer layer and the viscous sublayer. Outside the oscillating wave boundary layer, a new formula for the mixing length is proposed as a function of the first and second spatial derivatives of the local maximum water surface elevation. In the oscillating wave boundary layer, the mixing length is calculated by the hypothesis of the balance between production and dissipation of turbulent kinetic energy.
In the new k-omega turbulence model, the k and omega equations are written in a new integral contravariant form on a generalized time-dependent curvilinear coordinate system. The new k-omega turbulence model admits the possibility to assign the boundary condition for the specific dissipation rate directly at the bottom. In this model, the equations of motion are solved starting from the buffer layer and the k and omega equations are solved in the buffer layer at the border with the viscous sublayer. The production of turbulent kinetic energy in the zone between the breaking wave fronts and the oscillating wave boundary layer is reduced by introducing a dynamic coefficient for the dissipation of omega and a limiter in the eddy viscosity.
In this thesis, the new k- omega turbulence model is used to directly simulate the unsteady quasi-periodic vortex structures due to the interaction between breaking waves and coastal works.

**Produzione scientifica**

11573/1651002 - 2022 -

**A Wave-Targeted Essentially Non-Oscillatory 3D Shock-Capturing Scheme for Breaking Wave Simulation**Cannata, Giovanni; Palleschi, Federica; Iele, Benedetta; Gallerano, Francesco - 01a Articolo in rivista

**rivista:**JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING (Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute) pp. - - issn: 2077-1312 - wos: WOS:000818203800001 (1) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85134905024 (1)

11573/1657539 - 2022 -

**Un nuovo modello 3D di tipo shock-capturing per la simulazione di onde frangenti**Cannata, Giovanni; Palleschi, Federica; Iele, Benedetta; Gallerano, Francesco - 04d Abstract in atti di convegno

**congresso:**XXXVIII Convegno Nazionale di Idraulica e Costruzioni Idrauliche (Reggio Calabria, Italia)

**libro:**Atti del XXXVIII convegno nazionale di idraulica e costruzioni idrauliche - (9788894379921)

11573/1651738 - 2022 -

**A three-dimensional high-order numerical model for the simulation of the interaction between waves and an emerged barrier**Gallerano, Francesco; Palleschi, Federica; Iele, Benedetta; Cannata, Giovanni - 01a Articolo in rivista

**rivista:**WSEAS TRANSACTIONS ON FLUID MECHANICS (Athens: WSEAS Press.) pp. 128-139 - issn: 1790-5087 - wos: (0) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85135232721 (0)

11573/1651060 - 2022 -

**A new turbulence model for breaking wave simulations**Iele, B.; Palleschi, F.; Cannata, G.; Gallerano, F. - 01a Articolo in rivista

**rivista:**WATER (Basel : Molecular Diversity Preservation International) pp. - - issn: 2073-4441 - wos: WOS:000823966400001 (1) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85133396807 (1)

11573/1408636 - 2020 -

**A Three-Dimensional Numerical Study of Wave Induced Currents in the Cetraro Harbour Coastal Area (Italy)**Cannata, Giovanni; Palleschi, Federica; Iele, Benedetta; Cioffi, Francesco - 01a Articolo in rivista

**rivista:**WATER (Basel : Molecular Diversity Preservation International) pp. - - issn: 2073-4441 - wos: WOS:000539527500012 (2) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85085663692 (4)

11573/1463688 - 2020 -

**Numerical study over the eects of a designed submerged breakwater on the coastal sediment transport in the Pescara Harbour (Italy)**Gallerano, F.; Palleschi, F.; Iele, B. - 01a Articolo in rivista

**rivista:**JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING (Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute) pp. - - issn: 2077-1312 - wos: WOS:000557058300001 (6) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85088448227 (6)

11573/1420450 - 2020 -

**Boundary Condition in the Oscillating Turbulent Boundary Layer for the Simulation of Wave Breaking**Iele, B.; Palleschi, F. - 04b Atto di convegno in volume

**congresso:**6th International Conference on Computer and Technology Applications, ICCTA 2020; Antalya; Turkey; 14 April 2020 through 16 April 2020; (Antalya, Turkey)

**libro:**Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Computer and Technology Applications, ICCTA 2020; Antalya; Turkey; 14 April 2020 through 16 April 2020; - (9781450377492)

11573/1388822 - 2020 -

**Boundary conditions for the simulation of wave breaking**Iele, Benedetta; Palleschi, Federica; Gallerano, Francesco - 01a Articolo in rivista

**rivista:**WSEAS TRANSACTIONS ON FLUID MECHANICS (Athens: WSEAS Press.) pp. 41-53 - issn: 1790-5087 - wos: (0) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85079865690 (4)

11573/1388798 - 2020 -

**Wave Fields and Nearshore Currents in the Coastal Region Opposite San Mauro Cilento (Italy)**Palleschi, Federica; Iele, Benedetta; Tamburrino, Marco - 01a Articolo in rivista

**rivista:**WSEAS TRANSACTIONS ON FLUID MECHANICS (Athens: WSEAS Press.) pp. 91-99 - issn: 1790-5087 - wos: (0) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85082653069 (1)

11573/1332578 - 2019 -

**A Modified k – ε Turbulence Model for aWave Breaking Simulation**Cannata, G.; Palleschi, F.; Iele, B.; Gallerano, F. - 01a Articolo in rivista

**rivista:**WATER (Basel : Molecular Diversity Preservation International) pp. - - issn: 2073-4441 - wos: WOS:000502264500084 (2) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85074810045 (3)

11573/1292133 - 2019 -

**Simulation of wave motion and wave breaking induced energy dissipation**Gallerano, Francesco; Cannata, Giovanni; Barsi, Luca; Palleschi, Federica; Iele, Benedetta - 01a Articolo in rivista

**rivista:**WSEAS TRANSACTIONS ON FLUID MECHANICS (Athens: WSEAS Press.) pp. 62-69 - issn: 1790-5087 - wos: (0) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85066980926 (7)

11573/1327601 - 2019 -

**Integral contravariant form of the Navier-Stokes equations**Palleschi, Federica; Iele, Benedetta; Gallerano, Francesco - 01a Articolo in rivista

**rivista:**WSEAS TRANSACTIONS ON FLUID MECHANICS (Athens: WSEAS Press.) pp. 101-113 - issn: 1790-5087 - wos: (0) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85073216570 (5)