Gillian Goward

Full professor

phone: +1 905-525-9140
building: A.N. Bourns Science Building
room: Room 156

2000-2002, Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, Mainz, Germany, NSERC Post-doctoral Fellowship, Supervisor: Prof. Hans Wolfgang Spiess
1995-1999, University of Waterloo, Ph.D. in Chemistry, Thesis: Physical Characterizations of Anode Materials for Lithium Ion Rechargeable Batteries, Supervisors: Profs. Linda F. Nazar and William P. Power
1997-1998, University of Waterloo, Certificate in University Teaching, Teaching Resource and Continuing Education Centre at the University of Waterloo.
1991-1995, McMaster University, Honours Bachelor of Science in Chemistry, Thesis: Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Molecular Modelling of Inorganic Peroxide Photolysis, Supervisor: Prof. Nick Werstiuk

2017-present McMaster University, Department Chair, Chemistry & Chemical Biology
2016-2017 McMaster University, Acting Associate Dean, Research & External Affairs
2014-present McMaster University, Full Professor (Promoted July 2014)
2007-2014 McMaster University, Associate Professor (Tenured and Promoted July 2007)
2002-2007 McMaster University, Assistant Professor

Scholarly and Professional Activities

Editorial Boards:
2018-present Senior Editor of Journal of Physical Chemistry: C
2011 Guest Editor of Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (together with Prof. Clare P. Grey)

Grant and Personnel Committees:
NSERC Strategic Grants Review Panel (Manufacturing and Materials Committee) 2008-2011

Reviewing for Journals
- Has been a reviewer for numerous scholarly journals with the most frequent of these being: Journal of Physical Chemistry, Journal of the American Chemical Society and Chemistry of Materials

Reviewing for Granting Agencies
- Has been a reviewer for numerous granting agencies with the most frequent of these being: NSERC: Discovery Grants, NSERC: Collaborative Research & Development and NSERC: Strategic Network Grants

- Has most recently been awarded the NSERC Discovery Grant – Accelerator Supplement Award for the period of 2017-2020

- Has taught numerous undergraduate courses including genral chemistry, physical chemistry and a laboratory course
- Has taught graduate courses in spectroscopy and physical chemistry
- Is currently not teaching in order to fulfill her role as department chair

Research Interests
- Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
- Electrochemistry & Materials for Alternative Energy Applications

Publications in the last 5 years
1) Foran, G. Y., Harris, K. J., Brook, M.A., Macphail, B, Goward, G.R. (2019) “Solid state NMR study of boron coordination environments in silicone boronate (SiBA) polymers” Macromolecules, 52, 1055-1064 DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromolecules.8b02442
2) Sethurajan, A., Krachkovskiy, S.A., Goward, G.R. Protas, B. (2019) “Bayesian uncertainty quantification in inverse modelling of electrochemical systems” Journal of Computational Chemistry, 40, 740-752. DOI: 10.1021/jcc.25759
3) Ramirez Aguilera, R., MacMillan, B., Goward, G.R. Balcom, B. J. (2018) “Optimization of a parallel-plate RF probe for high resolution thin film imaging” Concepts Magn. Reason. A, 21465. DOI: 10.1021/cmr.a.21465
4) Krachkovskiy, S.A., Foster, J.M., Bazak, J.D., Balcom, B.J., Goward, G.R. (2018) “Operando Mapping of Li Concentration Profiles and Phase Transformations in Graphite Electrodes by Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy” J. Phys. Chem. C, 122, 21784-21791. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b06563
5) Richardson, G., Foster, J.M., Sethurajan, A.K., Krachkovskiy, S.A., Halalay, I.C., Goward, G.R., Protas, B. (2018) “The Effect of Ionic Aggregates on the Transport of Charged Species in Lithium Electrolyte Solutions” J. Electrochem. Soc., 165, H561-H567. DOI: 10.1149//2.0981809jes
6) Yan, Z.B., Young, A.P., Goward, G.R.* (2018) “A Magnetic Resonance and Electrochemical Study of the Role of Polymer Mobility in Supporting Hydrogen Transport in Perfluorosulfonic Acid Membranes” PCCP, 20, 19098-19109. DOI: 10.1039/C8CP02676A
7) Liu, H., Banerjee, A., Ziv, B., Harris, K.J., Pieczonka, N.P.W., Luski, S., Botton, G.A., Goward, G.R., Aurbach, D., Halalay, I.C. (2018) “Elucidating the Li-ion Battery Performance Benefits Enabled by Multifunctional Separators” ACS Appl. Energy Mater., 1, 1878-1882. DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.8b00436
8) Liu, H., Harris, K.J., Jiang, M., Wu, Y., Goward, G.R., Botton, G.A.* (2018) “Unraveling the Rapid Performance Decay of Layered High-Energy Cathode: from Nanoscale Degradation to Drastic Bulk Evolution” ACS Nano, 12, 2708-2718. DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b08945
9) MacIntosh, A.R. , Jiang, G., Zamani, P., Song, Z., Riese, A., Harris, K. J., Fu, X., Chen, Z., Sun, X. , Goward, G.R.* (2018) “Phosphorus and nitrogen centers in doped graphene and CNTs analyzed through solid-state NMR” J. Phys. Chem. C, 122, 6593-6601. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b11671
10) Christopher Anand, Bob Berno, Stephen Boulton, Michael A. Brook, Richard Epand, Timothy R. Field, Gillian R. Goward, Paul Hazendonk and Giuseppe Melacini,* “A Tribute to Alexander Davidson Bain: An NMR Pioneer and Mentor at McMaster University”, Concepts in Magnetic Resonance Part A, accepted Dec. 27, 2017.
11) Smiley, D.L., Goward, G.R.* (2018) “Solid-State NMR studies of Chemical Exchange in Ion Conductors for Alternative Energy Applications”. Concepts in Magnetic Resonance. Special Issue in Honour of A.D. Bain. Accepted in Final Form. DOI: 10.1002/cmr.a.21419
12) Z. Blossom Yan, Robin Hayes, Lis G. A. Melo, Gillian R. Goward, Adam P. Hitchcock (2018) “X-ray Absorption and Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy of Fluorinated Proton Conducting Polymers.” J. Phys. Chem. C, 122, 3233-3244. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b11592
13) Foran, G.Y., Brouwer, D.H.,* Goward, G.R.,* (2017) “Quantifying Site-Specific Proton Dynamics in Phosphate Solid Acids by 1H Double Quantum NMR Spectroscopy.” J. Phys. Chem. C, 121, 25641-25650. DOI: 10.1021/acsjpcc.7b06034
14) Bazak, J.D., Krachkovskiy, S.A., Goward, G.R., (2017) “Multi-Temperature in Situ Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Polarization and Salt Precipitation in Lithium-Ion Battery Electrolytes.” J. Phys. Chem. C 121 (38), 20704–20713. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b07218
15) Yadegari, H., Franko, C.J., Banis, M.N., Sun, Q., Li, R., Goward, G.R., Sun, X.,* (2017) “How to Control the Discharge Products in Na−O2 Cells: Direct Evidence toward the Role of Functional Groups at the Air Electrode Surface.” J.Phys.Chem.Lett. 8, 4794 – 4800. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b02227
16) Harris, K.J., Foster, J.M., Tessaro, M.Z., Jiang, M., Yang, X., Wu, Y., Protas, B., Goward, G.R.,* (2017) “Structure Solution of Metal-Oxide Li Battery Cathodes from Simulated Annealing and Lithium NMR Spectroscopy” Chem. Mater. 29 (13), 5550–5557. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b00836
17) Krachkovskiy, S.A. Bazak, J.D., Fraser, S., Balcom, B.J., Halalay, I.C., and Goward, G.R. (2017) “Determination of Mass Transfer Parameters and Ionic Association of LiPF6 : Organic Carbonates Solutions” J. Electrochem. Soc., 164 (4) A912-A916. DOI: 10.1149/2.1531704jes
18) Reeve, Z.E.M., Franko, C.J., Harris, K.J., Yadegari, H., Sun, X., Goward, G.R.* (2017) “Detection of Sodium-Oxygen Electrochemical Reaction Products with Solid-State 23Na NMR Spectroscopy” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 139 (2), 595–598. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b11333
19) Liu, H., Foster, J.M., Gully, A., Krachkovskiy, S.A., Jiang, M., Wu, Y., Yang, X., Protas, B., Goward, G.R.,* Botton, G.A.,* (2016) “A three-dimensional investigation of microstructural changes in lithium-ion battery cathodes with cycling.” Phys.Chem.Chem.Phys. 18, 29064 - 29075.
DOI: 10.1039/C6CP05262B (Title page credit)
20) Smiley, D.S., Goward, G.R. (2016) “Ex Situ 23Na Solid-State NMR Reveal the Local Na-Ion Distribution in Na2FePO4F During Electrochemical Cycling” Chem. Mater. 28 (21), 7645–7656. 10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b02539
21) Yan, B.Z., Brouwer, D.H., Goward, G.R.* (2016) “19F Double Quantum NMR Spectroscopy: A New Tool for Probing Dynamics in Proton conducting Fluorinated Polymer Materials” Macromolecules, 49 (19), 7331–7339. DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.6b01291
22) De Almeida, N. E., Harris, K. J., Samoson, A., and Goward, G. R.* (2016) “Double-Quantum NMR Investigation of Motion in Solid Acids for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells” J. Phys. Chem. C, 120(36) 19961–19969. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b04394
23) Krachkovskiy, S.A. Bazak, J.D., Werhun, P., Balcom, B.J., Halalay, I.C., and Goward, G.R.* (2016) Visualization of Steady-State Ionic Concentration Profiles Formed in Electrolytes During Li-Ion Battery Operation and Determination of Mass Transport Properties by In-Situ Magnetic Resonance Imaging. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 138 7992−7999. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b04226
24) Pauric, A.D., Jin, S., Fuller, T.J., Balogh, M., Halalay I.C., and Goward, G.R.* (2016) “NMR Determination of the Relative Binding Affinity of Crown Ethers for Manganese Cations in Aprotic Non-Aqueous Lithium Electrolyte Solutions”, J. Phys. Chem. C. 120 (7) 3677–3683. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b12142
25) Pauric, A.D., Halalay I.C., and Goward, G.R.* (2016) “Combined Experimental and Molecular Dynamics Modeling Studies of Transport Properties in Sulfonamide Based Deep Eutectic Lithium Electrolytes” PhysChemChemPhys, 18, 6657-6667. DOI: 10.1039/C5CP05811B
26) Langer, J., Smiley, D.L., A. D. Bain, G. R. Goward, and M. Wilkening (2016) “An Unexpected Pathway: 6 Li-Exchange NMR Spectroscopy Points to Vacancy-Driven Out-of-Plane Li-Ion Hopping in Crystalline Li2SnO3”, J. Phys. Chem. C. 120 (6), 3130–3138. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b09894 (title page)
27) MacIntosh, A.R., Harris, K.J., Goward, G.R.* (2016) Structure and Dynamics in Functionalized Graphene Oxide through Solid-State NMR. Chem. Mater., 28 (1), 360–367. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b04287
28) Shunmugasundaram, R., Arumugam, R.S., Harris, K.J., Goward, G.R., and Dahn, J. R.* (2016) “A Search for Low-Irreversible Capacity and High-Reversible Capacity Positive Electrode Materials in the LiNiMnCo Pseudoquaternary System” Chem. Mater. 28 (1), 55–66. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b02104
29) Liu, H. Foster, J.M., Gully, A., Krachkovskiy, S., Jiang, M., Wu, Y., Yang, X., Protas, B.,, Goward, G.R., Botton, G.A.* (2016) “Three-dimensional investigation of cycling-induced microstructural changes in lithium-ion battery cathodes using focused ion beam/scanning electron microscopy.” Journal of Power Sources, 306, 300-308. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.11.108
30) Reeve, Z.E.M., Pauric, A.D., Harris, K.J., Goward, G.R.* (2015) “Evaluation of the Stability of Trimethyl Phosphate as a Li-O2 Battery Electrolyte via Multinuclear Solid-State NMR” J. Phys. Chem. C. 119(48) 26840–26848. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b08488
31) Pieczonka, N.P.W., Borgel, V., Ziv, B., Leifer, N., Dargel, V., Aurbach, D., Kim, J-H., Liu, Z., Huang, X., Krachkovskiy, S.A., Goward, G.R., Halalay, I.C., Powell, B.P., Manthiram A.* (2015) “Lithium Polyacrylate (LiPAA) as an Advanced Binder and a Passivating Agent for High-Voltage Li-Ion Batteries” Advanced Energy Materials 5. DOI: 10.1002/aenm201501008
32) Sethurajan, A.K., Krachkovskiy, S., Halalay, I.C., Goward, G.R.* Protas, B.* (2015) “Accurate Characterization of Ion Transport Properties in Binary Symmetric Electrolytes Using In-Situ NMR Imaging and Inverse Modeling” J. Phys. Chem. B 119(37) 12238–12248. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.5b04300
33) Smiley, D.L., Tessaro, M.Z., He, X., Goward, G.R.* (2015) “Correlation of Electrochemical Performance with Lithium Environments and Cation Dynamics in Li2(Mn1 yFey)P2O7 using 6Li Solid-State NMR” J. Phys. Chem. C., 119(29):16468-16474. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b04173
34) Harris, K.J. Bugnet, M., Naguib, M., Barsoum, M.W. and Goward, G. R.* (2015) “Direct Measurement of Surface Termination Groups and their Connectivity in the 2D MXene V2CTx using Spectroscopy” J. Phys. Chem. C. 119(24):13700–13712. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b03038
35) Foster, J.M., Gully, A., Liu, H., Krachkovskiy, S., Wu, Y., Schougaard, S.B., Jiang, M., Goward, G.R., Botton, G.A., and Protas, B.* (2015) “Homogenization study of the effects of cycling on the electronic conductivity of commercial lithium-ion battery cathodes” J. Phys. Chem-C. 119(22). 12199–12208. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b02736
36) Rettenwander, D.* Langer, J., Schmidt, W., Arrer, C., Harris, K. J., Terskikh, V., Goward, G. R., Wilkening, M., and Amthauer, G. (2015) “Site Occupation of Ga and Al in Stabilized Cubic Li7−3(x+y)GaxAlyLa3Zr2O12 Garnets as Deduced from Al and Ga MAS NMR at Ultrahigh Magnetic Fields” Chem. Mater. 27(8), 3135–3142. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b00684
37) Harris, K.J., Reeve, Z.E.M., Wang, D., Li, X., Sun., X. Goward, G.R.* (2015) “Electrochemical Changes in Lithium-Battery Electrodes Studied Using 7Li NMR and Enhanced 13C NMR of Graphene and Graphitic Carbons”. Chem. Mater. 27, 3299-3305. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b00323
38) Reeve, Z.E.M., Goward, G.R.* and Alex D. Bain* (2015)“Identification of Electrochemical Reaction Products in Lithium-Oxygen Cells with 7Li Nutation Spectroscopy” Can. J. Chem. 93, 1-7. DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2014-0577
39) De Almeida, N.E., Paul, D.K., Karan, K., Goward, G.R.* (2015) “1H Solid-State NMR Study of Nanothin Nafion Films” J. Phys. Chem. C, 119 (3), 1280–1285. DOI: 10.1021/jp5086747

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