Dottore di ricerca

ciclo: XXXV

Titolo della tesi: Interoception and its role in shaping words meaning: behavioral and electrophysiological explorative evidence on the concreteness of Abstract concepts

According to Embodied theories of language, sensorimotor systems are actively involved in the processing of words meaning. Different studies support this theoretical proposition, showing that modality-specific sensorimotor representations built on actual experiences are reenacted during words processing. While Concrete concepts are thought to rely on reactivation of experiences in exteroceptive modalities; Abstract concepts are thought to reactivate bodily sensations through the interoceptive modality. The main aim of the current thesis is to provide evidence advocating for the prominent role of interoception in embodiment of Abstract concepts, providing additional insight on the body-language coupling adopting behavioral and electrophysiological techniques. In Experiment 1, we compared perceptual strength ratings across languages, explored the importance of interoception in defining Abstract concepts, and addressed its implication for trait measures of empathy and interoceptive sensitivity. Moreover, cluster analysis was conducted with the aim of examining whether perceptual strength ratings could provide a reliable way of distinguishing conceptual categories. In detail, we explored perceptual strength ratings of 40 Abstract and 40 Concrete concepts in Italian, Hebrew, and English native speakers. As far as we are aware of, no previous studies directly compared different languages combining perceptual strength ratings, trait measurements, and clustering analysis. We observed high consistencies between languages for what concerns: 1) pattern of perceptual ratings for Abstract and Concrete concepts for each modality; 2) the importance of interoception in embodiment of Abstract concepts; and 3) the perceptual-based distinction in conceptual categories. In addition, some cross-linguistic differences emerged in relation to the levels in which interoceptive components of concepts influence empathy. In addition, to understand better the contribution of bodily states and interoception to word processing, we further examined the effects of being immersed in a perceptual deprivation chamber aimed at increasing saliency of bodily and internal states on electrophysiological correlates of word processing. To the best of our knowledge no previous studies explored the effect of this kind of manipulation on word processing. Consequently, in Experiment 2, we collected ERPs related to the processing of Abstract and Concrete words, focusing on the N400 and a late N700-like negativity. We hypothesized that the immersion in the perceptual deprivation chamber would reduce the differences between ERPs’ amplitudes for Abstract and Concrete words as an effect of increased interoceptive and decreased exteroceptive saliency. In line with our hypothesis, we observed that: 1) the N400 difference between Abstract and Concrete concepts was reduced in the perceptual deprivation chamber; and 2) Abstract concepts elicited stronger late N700-like negativity in the perceptual deprivation chamber. We suggest that increased attentional focus on internal states would reduce the retrieval of sensorimotor components during Concrete concepts processing and facilitate multimodal imagery processes during Abstract words’ processing. Taken together, the current thesis supports the bidirectional relationship between bodily states and language processing in which words act as cue to the retrieval of perceptual experiences (language-to-body) and the bodily state facilitate the retrieval of multimodal situated representations (body-to-language). Furthermore, the importance of directing attention towards bodily and internal states and the implications of our results on the Abstract-Concrete distinction are discussed. In conclusion, bodily states appear to be involved in word processing even more than previously thought. Future studies aimed at providing deeper understanding of the body-language coupling including additional physiological measures are recommended.

Produzione scientifica

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Marson, Fabio; Zampieri, Michele; Verdone, Loredana; Bacalini, Maria Giulia; Ravaioli, Francesco; Morandi, Luca; Chiarella, Salvatore Gaetano; Vetriani, Valerio; Venditti, Sabrina; Caserta, Micaela; Raffone, Antonino; Dotan Ben-Soussan, Tal; Reale, Anna - 01a Articolo in rivista
rivista: PLOS ONE (San Francisco, CA : Public Library of Science) pp. - - issn: 1932-6203 - wos: WOS:001098677400044 (1) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85175219649 (2)

11573/1673353 - 2023 - Quadrato motor training (QMT) influences IL-1β expression and creativity: Implications for inflammatory state reduction and cognitive enhancement
Verdone, Loredana; Marson, Fabio; Caserta, Micaela; Zampieri, Michele; Reale, Anna; Bacalini, Maria Giulia; Vetriani, Valerio; Ben-Soussan, Tal Dotan; Venditti, Sabrina - 02a Capitolo o Articolo
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11573/1552430 - 2021 - Deficits of hierarchical predictive coding in left spatial neglect
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11573/1563642 - 2021 - A scoping review of cognitive training in neurodegenerative diseases via computerized and virtual reality tools: What we know so far
Lasaponara, S.; Marson, F.; Doricchi, F.; Cavallo, M. - 01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
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rivista: MEDICINA (Basel: MDPI, 2018- Kaunas: Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Kaunas: Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, 2011-2013 Kaunas: Kauno medicinos draugija; Gydytojų sekcija prie Lietuvių mokslo draugijos, 1920-1940 1990-) pp. 1-24 - issn: 1010-660X - wos: WOS:000633840500001 (11) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85102275406 (13)

11573/1565302 - 2021 - Perceiving numerosity does not cause automatic shifts of spatial attention
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11573/1473184 - 2021 - How to trigger and keep stable directional SpaceeNumber Associations (SNAs)
Pinto, Mario; Pellegrino, Michele; Marson, Fabio; Lasaponara, Stefano; Cestari, Vincenzo; D'onofrio, Marianna; Doricchi, Fabrizio - 01a Articolo in rivista
rivista: CORTEX (Primo editore: Tipografica Varese, Varese Attuale:Masson SPA:via Flli Bressan 2, I 20126 Milan Italy:011 39 02 27074286, EMAIL: aboonamenti@masson.it, INTERNET: http://www.masson.it, Fax: 011 39 02 27074210) pp. 253-264 - issn: 0010-9452 - wos: WOS:000607303200018 (17) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85097344503 (17)

11573/1551355 - 2020 - Correlates of Silence: Enhanced Microstructural Changes in the Uncinate Fasciculus
Ben-Soussan, T. D.; Marson, F.; Piervincenzi, C.; Glicksohn, J.; De Fano, A.; Amenduni, F.; Quattrocchi, C. C.; Carducci, F. - 01a Articolo in rivista
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11573/1411982 - 2020 - Deconstructing reorienting of attention: Cue predictiveness modulates the inhibition of the no-target side and the hemispheric distribution of the P1 response to invalid targets
Doricchi, F.; Pellegrino, M.; Marson, F.; Pinto, M.; Caratelli, L.; Cestari, V.; Rossi Arnaud, C. M.; Lasaponara, S. - 01a Articolo in rivista
rivista: JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE (Berkeley Electronic Press:805 Camelia Street, Second Floor:Berkeley, CA 94710:(510)559-1500, EMAIL: info@bepress.com, INTERNET: http://www.bepress.com, Fax: (510)559-1550) pp. 1046-1060 - issn: 0898-929X - wos: WOS:000531875200003 (8) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85084184865 (8)

11573/1274991 - 2019 - Fully immersed: State absorption and electrophysiological effects of the OVO Whole-Body Perceptual Deprivation chamber
Ben-Soussan, Tal Dotan; Mauro, Federica; Lasaponara, Stefano; Glicksohn, Joseph; Marson, Fabio; Berkovich-Ohana, Aviva - 02a Capitolo o Articolo
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11573/1274917 - 2019 - Expectancy modulates pupil size both during endogenous orienting and during re-orienting of spatial attention: A study with isoluminant stimuli
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rivista: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE (Blackwell Science Limited:PO Box 88, Oxford OX2 0NE United Kingdom:011 44 1865 776868, 011 44 1865 206038, EMAIL: journals.cs@blacksci.co.uk, INTERNET: http://www.blackwell-science.com, Fax: 011 44 1865 721205) pp. - - issn: 0953-816X - wos: WOS:000488966800011 (10) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85063676479 (10)

11573/1340042 - 2019 - The Attentional-SNARC effect 16 years later: no automatic space–number association (taking into account finger counting style, imagery vividness, and learning style in 174 participants)
Pellegrino, M.; Pinto, M.; Marson, F.; Lasaponara, S.; Rossi-Arnaud, C.; Cestari, V.; Doricchi, F. - 01a Articolo in rivista
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11573/1274914 - 2019 - Reconstructing the origins of the space-number association: spatial and number-magnitude codes must be used jointly to elicit spatially organised mental number lines
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