GIULIA IACOBUCCI

PhD Graduate

PhD program:: XXXIII


supervisor: Francesco Troiani

Thesis title: Remote sensing applications for the assessment of the geomorphic response of fluvial systems to the Holocene Climate Changes

The general goal of this thesis is the identification and description of the geomorphological responses of the fluvial system to the Holocene Climate Changes, proposing a multi-sensor remote sensing approach. In particular, the specific aim of this work is the improvement of the present knowledge on the Holocene and historical morphodynamics of the Lower Mesopotamian waterscape, especially on the paleo-hydrology of the ancient Tigris-Euphrates fluvial system, focusing on the specific process in the dynamics of the waterscapes which plays a key role in the drainage network evolution in lowland areas. Crevasse splays represent significant geomorphological features for understanding the fluvial morphodynamics in lowland areas where avulsion processes prevail. The southern Mesopotamian Plain is the area where the ancient State of Lagash developed between the prehistoric Ubaid Period (c. 5200 - c. 3500 BC) and the late Parthian era (247 BC - AD 244), representing an ideal case study, where the Italian Archaeological Mission has been recently carried on extensive field-works at Tell Zurghul archaeological site. Here, an interdisciplinary approach, combining field surveys and geomorphological mapping through remote sensing techniques, has been applied for analysing the function and role of the waterscape on the early civilization. Indeed, the geomorphological analysis through a remote sensing approach and the archaeological surveys are both essential for the reconstruction of a complex environmental system, where landforms due to different morphogenetic processes occur, related to the presence of a wide fluvial-deltaic paleo-system and early human societies. The main aim of the focus on this archaeological site is to contribute to the reconstruction of the surrounding waterscape and know more about waterscape-human interactions during the Holocene. The question of human-waterscape relationship worldwide has been and still is a central topic in geomorphological, environmental, and archaeological research. During the Holocene, the Tigris-Euphrates river system, in the lower sector of the Mesopotamian Plain (Iraq), has been characterized by complex morphodynamics in response to both climate fluctuations and extensive construction of artificial canals, dug since the first human settlements belonging to the Early River Valley Civilizations. The Lower Mesopotamian Plain (LMP) coincides with the southern Tigris and Euphrates deltaic plain, developed starting since the mid Holocene. During the early Holocene, the sea-level rise caused a general and rapid northward shifting of the Persian Gulf shoreline: the maximum marine ingression reached the area where the present towns of Nasiriyah and Al-Amara are located about 6000 yrs BP; after which the widespread progradation of the Tigris and Euphrates delta system accounted for the southward shoreline regression up to the present position. The development of a typical bird-foot delta guaranteed an amount of water indispensable for agriculture, cattle, settlements, and transport. Indeed, the high mobility of the channels and the frequent occurrence of avulsion processes (i.e., levees break and related crevasse splays formation) are the main features typically connected to a multi-channel system, guarantying the water supply through seasonal floods. In the area, the water management during the mid Holocene, digging an extensive network of canals and building several dams, can either improve the socio-economic conditions of a settlement or cause the end of another one. Within a wide floodplain characterized by very low elevation ranges such as the LMP, a remote sensing, multi-sensor approach is a suitable method for identifying the main geomorphological features related to the fluvial avulsion processes, describing the associated morphogenetic processes. Optical and multispectral Landsat 8 satellite images have been processed for computing NDVI and Clay Ratio indices, as well as to extract the Regions of Interest (ROIs) focused on the main features that made up a crevasse splay (i.e., crevasse channel, crevasse levee and crevasse deposit). The spectral signatures from active and abandoned crevasse splays have been extracted and compared among them, adopting four different methods of Supervised Classification. The analysis of the crevasse splays has been integrated with the investigation of the micro-topography leading to recognize the crevasse channels and levees, the upward convexity of the crevasse deposits and the distal or proximal position of the parent channel; the re-classification of different DEM sources, such as the optical AW3D30 and GDEM2 datasets with ground resolution of 1 arcsec (i.e., 30 m cell-1), leads to highlighting the “above-floodplain” topographic configuration of these landforms. The analysis here performed leads to investigating the entire Lower Mesopotamian Plain through both large and medium scale geomorphological investigation, identifying active and abandoned channels, discerning between active and abandoned avulsion processes and distinguishing crevasse channels, levees, and deposits. In like manner, human features are recognized, allowing the evaluation of human-environmental interactions.

Research products

11573/1692545 - 2024 - A fluvial record of late Quaternary climate changes and tectonic uplift along the Marche Piedmont Zone of the Apennines. New insights from the Tesino River (Italy)
Delchiaro, Michele; Iacobucci, Giulia; Della Seta, Marta; Gribenski, Natacha; Piacentini, Daniela; Ruscitto, Valeria; Zocchi, Marta; Troiani, Francesco - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: GEOMORPHOLOGY (Amsterdam Netherlands: Elsevier BV) pp. - - issn: 0169-555X - wos: WOS:001120119100001 (1) - scopus: (0)

11573/1706772 - 2024 - Land-surface quantitative analysis for mapping and deciphering the construction processes of piedmont alluvial fans in the Anti-Lebanon Mountains
Iacobucci, Giulia; Delchiaro, Michele; Troiani, Francesco; Nadali, Davide - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: GEOMORPHOLOGY (Amsterdam Netherlands: Elsevier BV) pp. - - issn: 0169-555X - wos: (0) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85187577623 (0)

11573/1705220 - 2024 - Exploring the geomorphological adequacy of the landslide susceptibility maps. A test for different types of landslides in the Bidente river basin (northern Italy)
Martinello, Chiara; Delchiaro, Michele; Iacobucci, Giulia; Cappadonia, Chiara; Rotigliano, Edoardo; Piacentini, Daniela - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: CATENA (Amsterdam Netherlands: Elsevier BV) pp. - - issn: 0341-8162 - wos: WOS:001170243600001 (1) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85184501318 (1)

11573/1706353 - 2024 - Analyzing anthropogenic impact on river morphodynamics in the Upper Orcia Valley (central italy) through multitemporal NDVI assessment
Sannino, Annalisa; Vergari, Francesca; Iacobucci, Giulia; Del Monte, Maurizio - 04d Abstract in atti di convegno
conference: EGU General Assembly (Vienna)
book: EGU General Assembly - ()

11573/1652815 - 2023 - Geomorphology of the lower Mesopotamian plain at Tell Zurghul archaeological site
Iacobucci, G.; Troiani, F.; Milli, S.; Nadali, D. - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: JOURNAL OF MAPS (Abingdon U.K.: Taylor & Francis Surrey U.K.: School of Earth Sciences and Geography Kingston University, 2005-) pp. - - issn: 1744-5647 - wos: WOS:000844726400001 (5) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85136897216 (2)

11573/1683035 - 2023 - Identification and analysis of Quaternary alluvial terraces for climatic and tectonic signals detection purposes: a case study from the central Marche Apennines (central Italy)
Ruscitto, Valeria; Delchiaro, Michele; Della Seta, Marta; Iacobucci, Giulia; Piacentini, Daniela; Troiani, Francesco - 04d Abstract in atti di convegno
conference: EGU General Assembly 2023 (Vienna, Austria)
book: Geophysical Research Abstracts, EGU General Assembly 2023, 2023 - ()

11573/1682223 - 2022 - AtlFast3: The Next Generation of Fast Simulation in ATLAS
Aad, G.; Abbott, B.; Abbott, D. C.; Abud, A. A.; Abeling, K.; Abhayasinghe, D. K.; Abidi, S. H.; Aboulhorma, A.; Abramowicz, H.; Abreu, H.; Abulaiti, Y.; Hoffman, A. C. A.; Acharya, B. S.; Achkar, B.; Adam, L.; Bourdarios, C. A.; Adamczyk, L.; Adamek, L.; Addepalli, S. V.; Adelman, J.; Adiguzel, A.; Adorni, S.; Adye, T.; Affolder, A. A.; Afik, Y.; Agapopoulou, C.; Agaras, M. N.; Agarwala, J.; Aggarwal, A.; Agheorghiesei, C.; Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.; Ahmad, A.; Ahmadov, F.; Ahmed, W. S.; Ai, X.; Aielli, G.; Aizenberg, I.; Akatsuka, S.; Akbiyik, M.; Akesson, T. P. A.; Akimov, A. V.; Khoury, K. A.; Alberghi, G. L.; Albert, J.; Albicocco, P.; Verzini, M. J. A.; Alderweireldt, S.; Aleksa, M.; Aleksandrov, I. N.; Alexa, C.; Alexopoulos, T.; Alfonsi, A.; Alfonsi, F.; Alhroob, M.; Ali, B.; Ali, S.; Aliev, M.; Alimonti, G.; Allaire, C.; Allbrooke, B. M. M.; Allport, P. P.; Aloisio, A.; Alonso, F.; Alpigiani, C.; Camelia, E. A.; Estevez, M. A.; Alviggi, M. G.; Coutinho, Y. A.; Ambler, A.; Ambroz, L.; Amelung, C.; Amidei, D.; Santos, S. P. A. D.; Amoroso, S.; Amos, K. R.; Amrouche, C. S.; Ananiev, V.; Anastopoulos, C.; Andari, N.; Andeen, T.; Anders, J. K.; Andrean, S. Y.; Andreazza, A.; Angelidakis, S.; Angerami, A.; Anisenkov, A. V.; Annovi, A.; Antel, C.; Anthony, M. T.; Antipov, E.; Antonelli, M.; Antrim, D. J. A.; Anulli, F.; Aoki, M.; Pozo, J. A. A.; Aparo, M. A.; Bella, L. A.; Aranzabal, N.; Ferraz, V. A.; Arcangeletti, C.; Arce, A. T. H.; Arena, E.; Arguin, J. -F.; Argyropoulos, S.; Arling, J. -H.; Armbruster, A. J.; Armstrong, A.; Arnaez, O.; Arnold, H.; Tame, Z. P. A.; Artoni, G.; Asada, H.; Asai, K.; Asai, S.; Asbah, N. A.; Asimakopoulou, E. M.; Asquith, L.; Assahsah, J.; Assamagan, K.; Astalos, R.; Atkin, R. J.; Atkinson, M.; Atlay, N. B.; Atmani, H.; Atmasiddha, P. A.; Augsten, K.; Auricchio, S.; Austrup, V. A.; Avner, G.; Avolio, G.; Ayoub, M. K.; Azuelos, G.; Babal, D.; Bachacou, H.; Bachas, K.; Bachiu, A.; Backman, F.; Badea, A.; Bagnaia, P.; Bahrasemani, H.; Bailey, A. J.; Bailey, V. R.; Baines, J. T.; Bakalis, C.; Baker, O. K.; Bakker, P. J.; Bakos, E.; Gupta, D. B.; Balaji, S.; Balasubramanian, R.; Baldin, E. M.; Balek, P.; Ballabene, E.; Balli, F.; Baltes, L. M.; Balunas, W. K.; Balz, J.; Banas, E.; Bandieramonte, M.; Bandyopadhyay, A.; Bansal, S.; Barak, L.; Barberio, E. L.; Barberis, D.; Barbero, M.; Barbour, G.; Barends, K. N.; Barillari, T.; Barisits, M. -S.; Barkeloo, J.; Barklow, T.; Barnett, B. M.; Barnett, R. M.; Baroncelli, A.; Barone, G.; Barr, A. J.; Navarro, L. B.; Barreiro, F.; Da Costa, J. B. G.; Barron, U.; Barsov, S.; Bartels, F.; Bartoldus, R.; Bartolini, G.; Barton, A. E.; Bartos, P.; Basalaev, A.; Basan, A.; Baselga, M.; Bashta, I.; Bassalat, A.; Basso, M. J.; Basson, C. R.; Bates, R. L.; Batlamous, S.; Batley, J. R.; Batool, B.; Battaglia, M.; Bauce, M.; Bauer, F.; Bauer, P.; Bawa, H. S.; Bayirli, A.; Beacham, J. B.; Beau, T.; Beauchemin, P. H.; Becherer, F.; Bechtle, P.; Beck, H. P.; Becker, K.; Becot, C.; Beddall, A. J.; Bednyakov, V. A.; Bee, C. P.; Beermann, T. A.; Begalli, M.; Begel, M.; Behera, A.; Behr, J. K.; Da Cruz E Silva, C. B.; Beirer, J. F.; Beisiegel, F.; Belfkir, M.; Bella, G.; Bellagamba, L.; Bellerive, A.; Bellos, P.; Beloborodov, K.; Belotskiy, K.; Belyaev, N. L.; Benchekroun, D.; Benhammou, Y.; Benjamin, D. P.; Benoit, M.; Bensinger, J. R.; Bentvelsen, S.; Beresford, L.; Beretta, M.; Berge, D.; Kuutmann, E. B.; Berger, N.; Bergmann, B.; Bergsten, L. J.; Beringer, J.; Berlendis, S.; Bernardi, G.; Bernius, C.; Bernlochner, F. U.; Berry, T.; Berta, P.; Berthold, A.; Bertram, I. A.; Bylund, O. B.; Bethke, S.; Betti, A.; Bevan, A. J.; Bhatta, S.; Bhattacharya, D. S.; Bhattarai, P.; Bhopatkar, V. S.; Bi, R.; Bianchi, R. M.; Biebel, O.; Bielski, R.; Biesuz, N. V.; Biglietti, M.; Billoud, T. R. V.; Bindi, M.; Bingul, A.; Bini, C.; Biondi, S.; Biondini, A.; Birch-Sykes, C. J.; Bird, G. A.; Birman, M.; Bisanz, T.; Biswal, J. P.; Biswas, D.; Bitadze, A.; Bittrich, C.; Bjorke, K.; Bloch, I. - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: COMPUTING AND SOFTWARE FOR BIG SCIENCE (Cham Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, [2017]-) pp. - - issn: 2510-2044 - wos: (0) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85126227550 (32)

11573/1651921 - 2022 - Morphoevolution of the Seymareh landslide-dam lake system (Zagros Mountains, Iran. Implications for Holocene climate and environmental changes
Delchiaro, Michele; Iacobucci, Giulia; Troiani, Francesco; Della Seta, Marta; Ballato, Paolo; Aldega, Luca - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: GEOMORPHOLOGY (Amsterdam Netherlands: Elsevier BV) pp. 1-17 - issn: 0169-555X - wos: WOS:000831581800002 (5) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85134532517 (9)

11573/1652809 - 2022 - Land-surface quantitative analysis of the alluvial fans along the northern margin of Damascus Basin (Syria): preliminary results and geomorphological mapping
Iacobucci, Giulia; Delchiaro, Michele; Troiani, Francesco; Titolo, Andrea; Nadali, Davide - 04d Abstract in atti di convegno
conference: 10th International Conference on Geomorphology (Coimbra; Portugal)
book: 10th International Conference on Geomorphology, Coimbra, Portugal, 12–16 Sep 2022, ICG2022-35 - ()

11573/1660702 - 2022 - Enhancing the identification and mapping of fluvial terraces combining geomorphological field survey with land-surface quantitative analysis
Iacobucci, Giulia; Piacentini, Daniela; Troiani, Francesco - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: GEOSCIENCES (Basel : Molecular Diversity Preservation International) pp. - - issn: 2076-3263 - wos: WOS:000895324700001 (2) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85147691616 (2)

11573/1652810 - 2022 - Geomorphology and geochronology of the Quaternary fluvial terraces of the Tesino River: new constraints to the landscape evolution in the piedmont area of central-northern Apennines of Italy
Troiani, Francesco; Delchiaro, Michele; Gribenski, Natacha; Della Seta, Marta; Iacobucci, Giulia; Piacentini, Daniela; Zocchi, Marta - 04d Abstract in atti di convegno
conference: 10th International Conference on Geomorphology (Coimbra; Portugal)
book: 10th International Conference on Geomorphology, Coimbra, Portugal, 12–16 Sep 2022, ICG2022-57 - ()

11573/1558692 - 2021 - Middle Holocene environmental reconstruction and climatic inferences through multi-proxy records from Seymareh lake sediments (Zagros Mts., Iran)
Delchiaro, Michele; Iacobucci, Giulia; Troiani, Francesco; Della Seta, Marta; Ballato, Paolo; Aldega, Luca - 04d Abstract in atti di convegno
conference: EGU General Assembly 2021 (Online)
book: EGU General Assembly 2021 - ()

11573/1640159 - 2021 - Remote sensing applications for the assessment of the geomorphic response of fluvial systems to the Holocene climate changes
Iacobucci, Giulia - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: RENDICONTI ONLINE DELLA SOCIETÀ GEOLOGICA ITALIANA () pp. 20-28 - issn: 2035-8008 - wos: WOS:000723602000003 (0) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85138597805 (0)

11573/1519459 - 2021 - Remote sensing approach for the fluvial avulsion processes detection and mapping
Iacobucci, Giulia; Troiani, Francesco; Milli, Salvatore; Piacentini, Daniela; Mazzanti, Paolo; Zocchi, Marta; Nadali, Davide - 04d Abstract in atti di convegno
conference: EGU General Assembly 2021 (Online)
book: Geophysical Research Abstracts - ()

11573/1406125 - 2020 - Human-waterscape interactions during the early-mid Holocene: insights from a multi-disciplinary approach in Southern Mesopotamia (Iraq)
Iacobucci, Giulia; Nadali, Davide; Troiani, Francesco - 04d Abstract in atti di convegno
conference: EGU General Assembly 2020 (Vienna, Austria)
book: Geophysical Research Abstracts (GRA) - ()

11573/1430287 - 2020 - Combining satellite multispectral imagery and topographic data for the detection and mapping of fluvial avulsion processes in lowland areas
Iacobucci, Giulia; Troiani, Francesco; Milli, Salvatore; Mazzanti, Paolo; Piacentini, Daniela; Zocchi, Marta; Nadali, Davide - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: REMOTE SENSING (Basel : Molecular Diversity Preservation International) pp. - - issn: 2072-4292 - wos: WOS:000556529400001 (8) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85088648324 (10)

11573/1430577 - 2020 - Integrated field surveying and land surface quantitative analysis to assess landslide proneness in the Conero promontory rocky coast (Italy)
Troiani, Francesco; Martino, Salvatore; Marmoni, Gian Marco; Menichetti, Marco; Torre, Davide; Iacobucci, Giulia; Piacentini, Daniela - 01a Articolo in rivista
paper: APPLIED SCIENCES (Basel: MDPI AG, 2011-) pp. - - issn: 2076-3417 - wos: WOS:000554168000001 (10) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85088632608 (10)

11573/1321099 - 2019 - Holocene and historical morphodynamics of the Lower Mesopotamian waterscape: a remote sensing, multi-sensor approach
Iacobucci, Giulia; Mazzanti, Paolo; Milli, Salvatore; Nadali, Davide; Troiani, Francesco; Zocchi, Marta; Forti, Luca - 04f Poster
conference: 20th International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA) Congress (Dublino, Irlanda)
book: INQUA Congress - ()

11573/1257066 - 2018 - Unravelling the style and timing of slope-to-channel system morphoevolution in tectonically active landscapes: new insights from the Northern Apennines of Italy.
Iacobucci, Giulia; Troiani, Francesco; Della Seta, Marta; Valiante, Mario; Esposito, Carlo; Martino, Salvatore; Bozzano, Francesca - 04d Abstract in atti di convegno
conference: EGU General Assembly 2018 (Vienna, Austria)
book: Geophysical Research Abstracts - ()

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