## BARBARA BAZZANA

Dottoressa di ricerca**ciclo**: XXXVI

**supervisore**: Giorgio Grisetti

**Titolo della tesi:**How-to Augmented Lagrangian on Factor Graphs

Robotics is progressively pervading our daily-lives. Robots can be divided in two large categories: manipulators and mobile robotics. In this thesis, we focus on the latter. An autonomous robotics navigation system needs to address many tasks. SLAM is the task of simultaneously build a map of the environment and localizing in it, control is the task of computing the platform inputs, which can be acceleration, velocity, jerk, that allow the robot to reach a given goal, high-level planning is the more abstract task of selecting a sequence of goals that allow the robot to perform the high-level task, e.g. mapping an area, driving to a final position, rescue survivors to an accident, and many others.
In a divide-and-conquer approach, each task is delegated to a sub-module. These components have been investigated separately by different research communities, that has developed sophisticated tools to address the sub-problems of interest. In particular, the SLAM community consolidated the MAP approach, and the usage of factor graphs as an effective tool to model and solve large mapping problems. Whatever the problem is, real-world, long-term and broad diffusion of robotic systems require the tools to be efficient, robust and resource-aware.
Factor graphs are graphical models used to represent unconstrained optimization problems that combine many objectives, each of which only depends on a subset of variables. Extending factor graphs to constrained optimization allows to enlarge their application domain. Under the factor graph-formulation, control systems can benefit from the efficiency of existing factor graph-solvers, the ease of modeling and of combining objectives. Moreover, some estimation problems inherently involve constraints in their formulation, that can be straightforwardly embedded in the graph. Potentially, mapping and control sub-modules can be unified under one common language, which implies that they can share consistently information about the environment.
In this thesis, we investigate how to embed constraints in the factor graph-formalism. We introduce a generalized version based on the AL method, where edges can be objective terms or constraints. We support our methodology by presenting many applications, ranging from group synchronization, which arises for example as sub-problem of SfM, to optimal control. The contributions presented in this thesis are available as open-source software packages to foster the development of this research area.

**Produzione scientifica**

11573/1666831 - 2023 -

**Handling Constrained Optimization in Factor Graphs for Autonomous Navigation**Bazzana, Barbara; Guadagnino, Tiziano; Grisetti, Giorgio - 01a Articolo in rivista

**rivista:**IEEE ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION LETTERS (USa, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Robotics and Automation Society) pp. 432-439 - issn: 2377-3766 - wos: WOS:000899202100004 (5) - scopus: 2-s2.0-85144790524 (6)

11573/1329181 - 2019 -

**An optimal control approach to public investments for unemployment reduction**Giamberardino, Paolo Di; Bazzana, Barbara; Belvedere, Tommaso; Iacoviello, Daniela - 04b Atto di convegno in volume

**congresso:**23rd International Conference on System Theory, Control and Computing (ICSTCC) (Sinaia; Romania)

**libro:**2019 23rd International Conference on System Theory, Control and Computing (ICSTCC) - (978-1-7281-0699-1)